Ruth And The Green Book – by Calvin Alexander Ramsey with Gwen Strauss, illustrator Floyd Cooper (2010)

Ruth and the green book

It’s the early 1950s, and young Ruth is excited. Her parents have just bought their first family car, and it’s a beauty! Now they can drive down to Alabama to visit relatives. Having grown up in Chicago, the family has been sheltered from the Jim Crow prejudice that is prevalent in the southern states. They are shocked when they are told they cannot use “white” bathrooms, eat in many restaurants, or rent a motel room.

Fortunately, a fellow traveler shows them the Negro Motorist Green Book. It’s a book put together by a man named Victor Green. Inside are lists of safe places for negro persons – restaurants, hotels, gas stations, barber shops, parks, and other places where they will be welcomed. This makes all the difference to Ruth and her parents.

Although this book is fictional, the Green Book was very real. It was published from 1936 to 1964, the year President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill. This amazing book had lists for all the states in the U.S., as well as Bermuda, Mexico and Canada. It was as invaluable to the negro traveler of yesteryears as the map apps we use while driving today.

Although this is technically a children’s picture book, I absolutely loved it. The artwork is superb. The color and lighting are perfect, with a softness that is gentle on the eyes. The facial expressions of Ruth and her parents fit perfectly with the story of their journey through the Deep South. Although things went badly for the family, the story showed how even in dark times, good things can happen.

Lunch-Box Dream – by Tony Abbott (2011)

Lunch-Box Dream

The retro feel of this book cover caught my eye, and the description sounded like a good story with some substance to it. It is set in 1959, just when the Civil Rights movement was simmering. The book jumps back and forth between two families, one black and one white, each with their own unique problems. Bobby is the main character. In addition to his parents having marital problems, he and his brother Ricky can’t stand each other. Bobby and his brother and mother are on a three-day road trip, driving their grandmother back to Florida. Along the way, they stop at Civil War battlefields because Ricky is obsessed with history, especially the Civil War. Ricky and Bobby are always arguing and fighting with each other. In contrast, the black family is tight-knit and loving. Their struggles come from outside the family – racism and prejudice when they are out in public. Their 10-year-old son Jacob goes missing and they are hysterical with fear that Jacob has been kidnapped or killed.

The story had such great promise, but just seemed to fizzle out. I thought at some point the two families would meet, that Bobby and Jacob would be talking to each other, that there would be some sort of conclusion that we all struggle with the same things regardless of our skin color. But the families actually never interacted with each other, making the story seem disjointed. Also, there was just too much bickering and fighting and angry words in Bobby’s car. Too much negativity in a story can kill it, and I think it  ruined this story. This is a book I should have passed on.

Burro Genius – by Victor Villaseñor (2004)

Burro Genius

This is a masterful book in which the author describes his life as a young boy growing up in Oceanside, California with his parents. His father was a man with a fiery temper and a reputation of being a gangster, but also with an undying loyalty to his family and his heritage. His mother was beautiful and loving, and always teaching her children about Jesus and the saints. His father bought a ranch when Victor was very young, and that is where the book takes place.

Victor thought going to school would be fun when he started kindergarten. Instead, the first thing he learned in school was that he was considered inferior and stupid because of his Mexican ancestry.  Both the teacher and the other students made life miserable for him. He was teased, bullied, slapped around and beaten up, and no one seemed to care. To make matters worse, he was having a terrible time learning the alphabet and simple words.

Things were just as bad when he got to first grade, second grade, and third grade. He was forced to endure the humiliation of repeating third grade because he still was unable to read. His parents tried several different schools, but it was the same wherever he went. No reading, but a lot of bullying. It was not until Victor was an adult with children of his own that he was diagnosed with the most severe form of dyslexia.

It was hard to read of such blatant racism and prejudice. I wanted to ask what on earth was wrong with those teachers and principals, that they tolerated the abuse Victor was suffering. No child should ever have to go through what Victor went through. There was a fair amount of anger and swearing in this book, but it would have been difficult to give an accurate portrayal of Victor’s family life without the language.  There were also tender moments, when Victor’s father shared some very profound thoughts about forgiveness. Although it was a rough story with raw emotion, it was a camera into the soul of a person who has battled the devil of prejudice and racism, and won.


The Well – by Mildred D Taylor (1995)

The Well

If you have read any of this author’s books, you are familiar with the Logans, an African-American family living in Mississippi in the early 1900s. This book is a prequel to Roll Of Thunder Hear My Cry, the author’s most well-known novel. All her stories, though fictional, are based on events that actually happened to her father’s family.

In “The Well”, it is 1910 and a severe drought has hit part of Mississippi. As wells dry up, everyone becomes desperate for water. Eventually, the Logans have the only well that still has an adequate supply of water. Neighbors – both black and white – come by with barrels, and the Logans share with all.

Unfortunately, young Charlie Simms is determined to harass and belittle any black person who doesn’t submit meekly to him. Ten-year-old David Logan tries to appease Charlie, but his older brother Hammer gets in a fight with Charlie. The situation quickly escalates to the point where someone could be lynched.

For anyone born after the days when it was not uncommon to hear of lynchings of black people, this book is a bird’s-eye view of the degradation and abuse of African-American citizens. Appropriate for ages ten and up.

The Angels Of Morgan Hill – by Donna VanLiere (2006)


In the mid-1940s, Morgan Hill is a tiny, quiet town where nothing much every happens. Then one day, a black family moves in. Some neighbors extend a welcoming hand and heart, while others plot ways of making the family move out. A unique friendship develops between Fran Gable, a widowed mother of two, and Addy Turner.

When a tragedy strikes and Addy is dying, Fran promises she will raise young Milo. Her children, Jane and John, love Milo and consider him a little brother. But money is tight, and prejudice is running high. Fran begins to wonder if maybe it would be less traumatic to Milo if she allowed him to be adopted by a black family.

This is an interesting read that tackles the subjects of true friendship, bi-racial adoption, and conflicted feelings within the family. How important is it to look like the rest of your family? Does it even matter? This thoughtful little book can easily be read in a couple evenings.

The Reluctant Fundamentalist – by Mohsin Hamid (2007)



The story is told in one long monologue. A young Pakistani man, Changez, strikes up a conversation with a traveling American man at a cafe in Lahore. It’s actually a one-way conversation, as it appears that the American barely speaks a word during the evening. Changez is tormented in his mind, and needs to pour out his thoughts to someone. He ends up telling his entire life story to the stranger in the cafe.

Although born in Pakistan, Changez manages to make his dreams come true by being admitted to Princeton University in the U.S., and later being hired by a prestigious company. He absolutely loves life in New York City, and falls in love with an American woman, Erica. He considers himself almost American. Then comes the terrorist attack on the twin towers. Suddenly he is looked upon with suspicion and distrust because of his nationality.

The book shows well the inner turmoil of a person who experiences life in the United States, and then has to return to his homeland. Changez has tasted the goodness of the American culture, then has to deal with the bitter hatred coming from the same group of people. The irony is, of course, that he begins to resent and hate them too. Prejudice and racism turn into a vicious circle that just goes on and on, and always ends as a sad story.

Black Like Me – by John Howard Griffin (1961, 1996) part 1


(This is a re-print of one of my favorite book reviews)

An old proverb says you cannot understand a man until you have walked in his shoes. In 1959, John Griffin decided to do just that. Born in Texas in 1920, he went to France as a young man, and studied both literature and medicine. He also interned at the Asylum of Tours, using experimental music therapy on the criminally insane patients. During his stay there, World War II broke out. John used his medic skills to treat wounded French Resistance fighters, and helped move Austrian Jews out of France. When it became too dangerous, John returned to the United States.

From there he served in the U.S. Army Air Corps in the South Pacific for about three years. A bombing attack damaged his vision, and by 1946 he was totally blind. In his years of blindness he experience a spiritual revival, and became a devout Catholic. He also wrote a number of stories, using his trusty typewriter. In 1953 he married Elizabeth Holland, and together they had four children. A few years later, his eyesight was restored, and John developed skill as a photographer.

By 1959, racial tensions between the whites and the Negroes were at an all-time high. This bothered John greatly, as Negroes had been treated as equals in France. He devised a plan to “become” a Negro for a month or so, then write his impressions of what it was like to be a black person in the southern states. A dermatologist gave him prescription medication to darken his skin. Skin creams and hours under a sun lamp intensified the effects. John also shaved his head so that his hair would not give him away. And so he “became” a black man, traveling through Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia and Alabama. The things he experienced changed the course of his life.

Excerpts from page 54-55 of 35th anniversary edition:

With almost an hour before bus departure, I turned away and looked for a place to sit. The large, handsome room was almost empty. No other Negro was there, and I dared not take a seat unless I saw some other Negro also seated.

Once again a “hate stare” drew my attention like a magnet. It came from a middle-aged, heavy-set, well-dressed man. He sat a few yards away, fixing his eyes on me. Nothing can describe the withering horror of this. You feel lost, sick at heart before such unmasked hatred, not so much because it threatens you as because it shows humans in such an inhuman light….

A Negro porter sidled over to me. I glimpsed his white coat and turned to him. His glance met mine and communicated the sorrow, the understanding. “Where am I supposed to go?” I asked him.

He touched my arm in that mute and reassuring way of men who share a moment of crisis. “Go outside and around the corner of the building. You’ll find the room.”

The white man continued to stare, his mouth twisted with loathing as he turned his head to watch me move away.

In the colored waiting room, which was not labeled as such, but rather as COLORED CAFE, presumably because of interstate regulations, I took the last empty seat. The room was crowded with glum faces, faces dead to all enthusiasm, faces of people waiting.